From McKinsey’s Internet of Things and the Future of Manufacturing
In what’s called the Internet of Things,1 the physical world is becoming a type of information system—through sensors and actuators embedded in physical objects and linked through wired and wireless networks via the Internet Protocol.
In manufacturing, the potential for cyber-physical systems to improve productivity in the production process and the supply chain is vast. Consider processes that govern themselves, where smart products can take corrective action to avoid damages and where individual parts are automatically replenished. Such technologies already exist and could drive what some German industry leaders call the fourth industrial revolution—following the steam engine, the conveyor belt, and the first phase of IT and automation technology. What opportunities and challenges lie ahead for manufacturers—and what will it take to win?
Internet of Things (IOT) is one of the emerging technology trends. Some indications of useful applications of IOT are given by the Hydra project team.
With Hydra, all manner of devices such as electricity meters, TV sets, refrigerators, stereos as well as heating and lighting systems, can be networked without having to know what goes on inside them.Existing devices can be adapted to work with Hydra. “We are delivering a device development kit where you could integrate the middleware into the devices,” Eisenhauer says, “but you can make use of it with existing devices and Hydra-enable them as long as they have a certain computing power.”
Another major application is expected to be in healthcare, especially the monitoring of patients in their own homes. The partners have set up a demo using networked sensors measuring body weight, blood pressure, blood sugar and oxygen saturation. A muscle sensor gives warning of an epileptic fit.
“So we have different kinds of technologies – ZigBee, Bluetooth and others – all covered by our network manager within Hydra,” says Eisenhauer. “And then just to show that we can also use off-the-shelf devices we have used a Wii balance board as a weight scale and have connected it to our Playstation 3.”
This article describes many areas including Agriculture which can benefit from this initiative. Hydra opens up several possibilities, especially for innovative social applications, a ripe area for student projects. You can get more information on such exciting projects from ICT Results.
Posted via email from Dorai’s LinkLog
About 3 or 4 years ago, I cam across an Intel presentation on the web, which predicted the spread of internet of things. Today, I came across a fascinating document that describes an European Initiative for Internet of Things.
One major next step in this development is to progressively evolve from a network of interconnected computers to a network of interconnected objects, from books to cars, from electrical appliances to food, and thus create an ‘Internet of things’ (IoT). These objects will sometimes have their own Internet Protocol addresses, be embedded in complex systems and use sensors to obtain information from their environment (e.g. food products that record the temperature along the supply chain) and/or use actuators to interact with it (e.g. air conditioning valves that react to the presence of people).
The scope of IoT applications is expected to greatly contribute to addressing today’s societal challenges: health monitoring systems will help meet the challenges of an ageing society connected trees will help fight deforestation; connected cars will help reduce traffic congestion and improve their recyclability, thus reducing their carbon footprint. This interconnection of physical objects is expected to amplify the profound effects that large-scale networked communications are having on our society, gradually resulting in a genuine paradigm shift.
Nice to see technology evolving to meet societal challenges. This is an exciting time to be in technology.